Latch On: The Importance of Proper Latching for Successful Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is an intimate and special bonding experience between a mother and her baby. It provides numerous benefits for the mother and baby, including increased immunity, improved cognitive development, and a stronger bond. However, successful breastfeeding largely depends on the proper latching technique. This article will explore the importance of proper latching for successful breastfeeding.

What is Latching?

Latching refers to the way a baby attaches to the breast to breastfeed. Proper latching is crucial for successful breastfeeding, as it allows the baby to remove milk from the breast and stimulate milk production effectively. Conversely, a poor latch can lead to nipple pain, engorgement, and decreased milk supply.

Signs of a Poor Latch

New mothers need to recognize the signs of a poor latch, as it can impact the overall success of breastfeeding. Signs of a poor latch include:

  • Painful or sore nipples
  • Baby only sucking on the nipple instead of the areola
  • Baby’s mouth not fully open during feeding
  • Clicking or smacking sounds while breastfeeding
  • Ineffective feeding leads to slow weight gain

Why Proper Latching is Important

Proper latching is important for both the mother and the baby. It ensures the baby receives the necessary milk and nutrients and helps prevent nipple pain and damage. Additionally, proper latching helps stimulate milk production, ensuring the mother has an adequate milk supply.

Steps to Achieve Proper Latching

Achieving a proper latch takes practice and patience, but it’s essential for successful breastfeeding. Here are some steps to achieve proper latching:

  1. Get Comfortable: Before you start breastfeeding, getting comfortable is essential. Sit in a comfortable and relaxed position that supports your back and arms. Use pillows to help support your baby and position them at breast height.
  2. Position Baby Correctly: Hold your baby with their stomach against your body and their head and neck supported by your forearm. Ensure your baby’s nose is level with your nipple.
  3. Support your breast: Use your hand to support your breast, and make sure your fingers are far back from the nipple so they don’t interfere with your baby’s latch.
  4. Encourage Wide Mouth: Use your nipple to stroke your baby’s lips, encouraging them to open their mouth wide. Wait until your baby’s mouth is fully open before bringing them to your breast.
  5. Bring Baby to the Breast: Once your baby’s mouth is open wide, bring them to your breast so that their lower lip touches the base of your nipple first. Make sure your baby’s chin is touching your breast and their nose is not blocked.
  6. Listen and Watch: As your baby begins to nurse, watch and listen for signs of swallowing, such as jaw movements and soft, rhythmic sounds. These are signs that your baby is properly latched and feeding effectively. 
  7. Break the Latch: Once your baby has finished nursing on one breast, break the latch by placing your finger in the corner of their mouth and gently pulling down on their chin. This will release the suction and allow you to switch to the other breast.

Benefits of Proper Latching for the Mother

Proper latching benefits not only the baby but also the mother. Listed below are some of the benefits of proper latching for the mother:

  • Reduced Pain: Proper latching reduces the risk of nipple pain, soreness, and damage.
  • Increased Milk Production: Effective milk removal through proper latching stimulates milk production and helps ensure an adequate milk supply.
  • Improved Bonding: Successful breastfeeding with proper latching helps foster a solid bond between mother and baby.
  • Hormonal Benefits: Breastfeeding with proper latching can release oxytocin, a hormone that promotes relaxation and bonding.

Common Latching Problems and How to Fix Them

Even with the best intentions, latching problems can still occur. Here are some common latching problems and how to fix them:

  1. Shallow latch: A shallow latch is when your baby is not taking enough breast tissue into their mouth. This can cause nipple pain and make it difficult for your baby to get enough milk. To fix a shallow latch, reposition your baby so their mouth is wide open and their lips are flanged outward. You can also use your fingers to gently pull down on your baby’s chin to encourage them to take more breast tissue.
  2. Nipple pain: Nipple pain is a common problem for new mothers, and an incorrect latch often causes it. To fix nipple pain, make sure your baby is latching correctly, and use a lanolin cream or breast milk to soothe sore nipples.
  3. Engorgement: Engorgement is when your breasts become painfully full and swollen. This can make it difficult for your baby to latch correctly. To fix engorgement, try hand expressing or pumping a little milk before nursing to soften your breast.
  4. Blocked milk ducts: A blocked milk duct can occur when milk gets trapped in the breast tissue. This can cause pain and make it difficult for your baby to nurse. To fix a blocked milk duct, apply a warm compress to your breast before nursing and massage the area gently.
  5. Mastitis: An infection of the breast tissue that can cause pain, swelling, and fever. You’ll need to see your healthcare provider for antibiotics to fix mastitis.


Achieving a good latch is essential for successful breastfeeding. Remember to get comfortable, position your baby correctly, and wait for a wide mouth before bringing your baby to your breast. If you’re experiencing any latching problems, don’t hesitate to contact a lactation consultant or your healthcare provider for help. With practice and patience, you’ll soon master the proper breastfeeding latch.